Armenian is the official language of what in recent memory was the smallest republic of the former Soviet Union, now the southernmost republic of the Commonwealth of Independent States.The language is spoken by approximately four million people still living within the borders of the republic.
The plateau is bordered on the east by Iran, on the west by Asia Minor, on the north by the Transcaucasian plains, and on the south by the Mesopotamian plains.
The plateau consists of a complex set of mountain ranges, volcanic peaks, valleys, lakes, and rivers.
In the Bible, the area designated as Armenia is referred to as Ararat, which the Assyrians referred to as Urartu.
Armenians also identify themselves as the people of Ararat/Urartu and of Nairi, and their habitat as nairian ashkharh or yergir nairian .
He correctly lists the names and reigns of the ostikans or Muslim governors of the newly-created administrative unit called Arminiya, which included Armenia, East Iberia/Georgia, and parts of Aghuania (Atrpatakan/Azerbaijan).
He was a supporter of the ambitions of the Bagratid family and, according to the colophon at the end of his History, wrote under the patronage of Shapuh Bagratuni, son of Smbat sparapet (commander-in-chief), whose activities are recorded in the work.
That chapter contains the first reference to the Armenian Era (a system of dating with A. 551/552 as year one) which later Armenian historians were to adopt.
However, the date Ghewond provides for the martyrdom in question is incorrect.
He describes the increasing harshness of Arab tax policies and the growing intolerance of individual caliphs and their governors, which triggered two unsuccessful rebellions in Armenia (747-750 and 774-775).
Martyrological literature may have been a source for part of chapter 40.
Verified members are displayed in sky blue boxes within search results. Doing so we are able to maintain quality user database as well as provide periodical improvements and introduce new features.