Wars might have specific end dates, but that doesn’t mean the fighting always stopped when one side surrendered.History is filled with examples of soldiers who refused to capitulate even after their conflicts had come to an end.Military records provide important information for family historians.
year - - - - A symbol with a 3D shadow indicates a clickable, active ("hot") link - - - The date at the top of the page only indicates status of the information content, not changes of format, layout, or administration. Zweck der Bereitstellung dieser Informationen ist ein Nachschlagewerk fr militrhistorisch Interessierte. If you plan to use any information found here for other than personal use, please ask permission. If you would like to link to any of my pages, please feel free to do so.Common words and phrases are replaced with a group of numbers and letters, and any remaining text is encoded character by character. The receiver then looks up each group in the corresponding code book and reassembles the message.
An additional level of security can be added by enciphering the code groups themselves; this is called superenciphering.
This marked the beginning of the Continental Navy, the forerunner of the United States Navy.
Almost one month later, 10 November 1775, as an extension of that naval legislation, Congress resolved that "two Battalions of marines be raised." Following the Revolutionary War, both services went into abeyance.
The Imperial Japanese navy did regularly change their code books and the superencipherment technique, but the supherencipherment was generally weak and easily broken (Japanese characters were encoded as romaji for transmission, and this made them vulnerable to standard cryptological attacks such as frequency analysis).
The code books themselves were also not radically changed (words and messages were organized alphabetically, and sections of code groups were incremented consecutively).
Some of these holdouts simply didn’t know war had ended, but others—including some of the six featured below—deliberately fought on even after peace had been declared.