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Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been a well examined and documented phenomenon in adults; however, there has not been nearly as much study on violence in adolescent dating relationships, and it is therefore not as well understood.

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It can occur in person or electronically and might occur between a current or former dating partner.

Several different words are used to describe teen dating violence.

One NIJ-funded study examined the prevalence of dating violence among 5,647 teens (51.8 percent female, 74.6 percent Caucasian) from 10 middle schools and high schools (representing grades 7-12) throughout New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania. "Partner Violence Among Adolescents in Opposite-Sex Romantic Relationships: Findings from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health." 91 (October 2001): 1679-1685.

Findings indicated that within the past year: The study also specifically examined dating violence rates among teens who had dated within the past year (66 percent of total teens; n = 3,745).

More than one fourth of the boys with girlfriends said they had been physically aggressive (punching, slapping) with her.

Although all victims of gender-based violence are affected negatively, research reveals that female victims of dating violence often experience more severe and longer-lasting consequences than do male victims.

High school and college students studying, volunteering, or traveling abroad are at just as much risk of dating violence overseas as they are in the USA.

And, due to technology, can continue to be harassed when/if they return back to the United States.

Further, teenage victims of dating violence are more likely than their non-abused peers to smoke, use drugs, engage in unhealthy dieting (e.g., taking diet pills or laxatives, vomiting to lose weight), engage in risky sexual behaviors, and attempt or consider suicide.

A 2009 study of sixth-grade students found that 25% thought it was acceptable for boys to hit their girlfriends.

Here are just a few: Dating violence is widespread with serious long-term and short-term effects.